Welcome to the Children’s Postinfectious Autoimmune Encephalopathy (CPAE) Center of Excellence

The Children's Postinfectious Autoimmune Encephalopathy (CPAE) Center of Excellence at the University of Arizona Steele Children's Research Center, developed in partnership with Banner-University Medicine and in cooperation with the NIH/NIMH is the first in the U.S. to implement an integrated model of basic science and clinical research, clinical care and teaching to address a spectrum of neuropsychiatric disorders that are often misdiagnosed, underdiagnosed or undiagnosed in children.

Postinfectious Autoimmune Encephalopathy(PAE)is a condition where an infection triggers an autoimmune reaction that targets the brain, leading to changes in neurologic function, mood and behavior. PAE includes disorders such as PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome), PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infection) and Sydenham chorea.

The CPAE Center of Excellence has three goals:

  1. To deliver multidisciplinary, state-of-the-art care to children who experience behavioral and neurological changes after an infection.

  2. To investigate the causes of Postinfectious Autoimmune Encephalopathy (PAE).

  3. To find new treatments to improve outcomes and eventually cure children with Postinfectious Autoimmune Encephalopathy (PAE).

Basic science and translational research of PAE is conducted at the UArizona Steele Children's Research Center, a world-renowned research center with cutting-edge researchers studying inflammation, microbiome, and the genetics of complex diseases.

Clinical services are provided at Banner – Diamond Children's Multispecialty Clinic, and children treated at the center will be offered enrollment in clinical research trials led by UArizona Steele Children's Research Center physician-researchers.


Autumn 2022

Fall 2021


Panopto Education Series Videos 

CPAE Intro

Navigating CPAE – How to Make an Appointment

Childhood Post-infectious Autoimmune Encephalitis_PANDA Problems

Alterationsin Expected Development 

Typical Development 

Introduction to the Immune System

Pre-visit Testing Evaluation 

Psychiatric Medical Treatment of OCD and Anxiety in PANS PANDAS

From Controversy to a Clinically Useful Classification Approach to PANS/PANDAS

Assessment of Family Accommodations and Secondary Gains in CPAE/PANS/Pandas

Challenges faced by families of children with CPAE/PANS/PANDAS